Basic Blackjack Strategy: A Beginner’s Guide

Blackjack is one of the most popular casino games in the world. It is a game that requires both luck and strategy. While luck plays a significant role in the outcome of each hand, having a solid strategy can greatly improve your chances of winning. In this beginner’s guide, we will introduce you to the basic blackjack strategy that every player should know.

Understanding the Basics

Before diving into the strategy, it is important to understand the basics of the game. Blackjack is played with a standard deck of 52 cards. The goal of the game is to beat the dealer‘s hand without exceeding a total of 21. Each card has a specific value – number cards are worth their face value, face cards (King, Queen, Jack) are worth 10, and Aces can be counted as either 1 or 11.

Using a Strategy Chart

A strategy chart is a valuable tool that outlines the best move to make based on your hand and the dealer’s up card. It is essential for beginners to use a strategy chart until they have memorized the optimal moves for each hand. The chart displays a grid with your hand’s value on one axis and the dealer’s up card on the other. By following the chart, you can make the best decision to increase your chances of winning.

Hard Hands

A hard hand in blackjack is any hand that does not contain an Ace or contains an Ace that can only be counted as 1 without exceeding 21. When playing a hard hand, the general strategy is to hit if your hand’s value is 8 or less and stand if it is 17 or more. If the dealer’s up card is 7 or higher, it is recommended to hit until you reach a hand value of at least 17.

Soft Hands

A soft hand is any hand that contains an Ace that can be counted as 11 without exceeding 21. When playing a soft hand, the strategy is slightly different. If your hand’s value is 17 or more, it is best to stand. However, if your hand’s value is 16 or less, it is recommended to hit. If you have a soft 18 and the dealer’s up card is 9, 10, or Ace, you should also hit.


When you are dealt a pair in blackjack, you have the option to split them into two separate hands. It is generally recommended to split pairs of Aces and 8s. A pair of Aces gives you the opportunity to start two separate hands with a value of 11, increasing your chances of getting a blackjack. Splitting 8s is advised because a hand with a value of 16 is considered weak, and splitting gives you the chance to get two hands with a better chance of winning.

Insurance and Side Bets

In blackjack, some casinos offer additional betting options, such as insurance and side bets. However, these bets are generally not recommended for beginner players. Insurance is a bet on whether the dealer has a blackjack. It is best to avoid insurance as it does not offer good odds. Side bets can be tempting, but they often have a high house edge, meaning the odds are not in your favor.

Practice and Patience

Like any skill, mastering blackjack strategy takes practice and patience. It is important to remember that even with the best strategy, you will not win every hand. However, by using the optimal strategy and making the right decisions, you can significantly increase your chances of winning in the long run.


By understanding the basics of blackjack and using the basic strategy outlined in this guide, beginners can start their blackjack journey on the right foot. Remember to use a strategy chart, make the best decisions based on your hand and the dealer’s up card, and practice regularly to improve your skills. Good luck at the tables!

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